The 8-Bit Guy: How Cathode Ray Tubes Work [18:32] (
from to on 23 Jun 23:16


threaded - newest on 24 Jun 00:14 next collapse

Now the question is who did it better, 8-bit guy or Technology Connections? on 24 Jun 13:45 collapse

Technology connections, and it’s not particularly close. on 24 Jun 00:25 next collapse

I used to watch this guy. Then about 6 years or so ago. Then one video he gets on, and starts berating his viewers for sending him gifts, and fan art.

His explaination was something along the lines of him not having enough space for all the stuff. And that’s fine. I understand not having space.

But then he just goes ON AND ON AND ON about it. In a pretty disrespectful manner.

He could have just said something like “As a side note, while I appriciate everybody thinking of me, I just don’t have the space for it all.

So if you’d like to send me art, I would much prefer digital art over something physical. I love the enthusiasm, I just have nowhere to put it…”

That would have been understandable.

Instead, he said something more along the lines of “I’m getting way too much fan packages from you guys. LOOK AT MY LIVING ROOM!!! I can’t take it all! This needs to stop! It’s making me angry. You guys are tweeting me that I don’t thank you for your hard work. I haven’t even opened the box! How am I supposed to know what you sent me???”

And ever since then, I’ve seen him as an unappriciative dick. I understand the need to stop the incoming flow of packages coming in, but there’s a nice way to do that. on 24 Jun 00:35 next collapse

To refuse awards is another way of accepting them with more noise than is normal.

— Mark Twain on 24 Jun 00:37 next collapse

I get the same vibe, i still watch him, but not as intently as before. He has a tendency to do exactly that, and he generally fails to respectfully address any concerns he has. He just sorta acts annoyed and goes on tangents. His content in good, but his personality isn't on 24 Jun 12:01 collapse

I’ve been finding his content hasn’t been as good for the last couple years, maybe just from the random rants he tosses in for no reason. Then he went on a little rant recently about how he isn’t making as much money from YouTube anymore and I unsubscribed. on 24 Jun 13:13 collapse

Though, in fairness, several YouTubers were making the same kinda video around the end of last year. All complaining they weren’t making as much money because of YouTube’s algorithm favoring shorts. on 24 Jun 02:35 next collapse

I also used to watch this guy very regularly but stopped when I found out he’s a political gun nut who open carries his AR-15 specifically to anger people and make them uncomfortable.

There’s a video of him inside a store with a rifle ranting about some poor politician and their effort to prevent gun violence. Easy to find if you search for it. on 24 Jun 03:26 next collapse

This is his most current views on the subject if you care to watch. on 24 Jun 04:21 next collapse

That link doesn’t work for me. on 24 Jun 05:18 collapse

Fixed it on 24 Jun 04:36 next collapse

piped… for privacy… O wait you need to log in first. on 24 Jun 05:18 collapse

I fixed the link on 24 Jun 13:35 collapse

Thanks for posting.

I’m glad he’s thought through a lot of his more inflammatory positions and seems to have evolved a more nuanced take on things. on 24 Jun 05:15 collapse

I just remembered the line that made me stop watching. It was him saying that any future packages would be thrown in the trash.

This after ranting for like 3 minutes that too many people love him, and gift him so much stuff.

I was brought up to appriciate every little thing people gave me. Even as a kid…that knock off power ranger that has a hollow inside, made of cheap rubbery plastic? “Thank you for the gift!”

So to see him say “I will throw any future packages in the trash” just felt like a slap in the face to any fans he may have had.

So I stopped being a fan. It’s easy to unsubscribe on youtube. on 24 Jun 05:11 next collapse

I stopped watching when he got that one rare IBM workstation and sloppily dremeled in all the the screws to open it because he was too lazy to go to the store to buy a screwdriver. That was before I even heard about this and the stupid gun stuff. I know it’s like a minor thing and he only damaged screws and sheet metal parts that could in theory be replaced with a medium amount of difficulty, but I just can’t imagine intentionally damaging something very uncommon because you’re too lazy to buy a screwdriver on 24 Jun 05:17 next collapse

…who doesn’t have a screwdriver??? HE DISASSEMBLES ELECTRONICS OFTEN FOR A LIVING!!! WTF???

This only raises MORE questions! on 24 Jun 05:32 collapse

I think it was a security torx screw if I remember correctly so it makes sense he wouldn’t necessarily have an appropriate bit, but it would have been so little effort to just order one or go to a store on 24 Jun 13:56 collapse

You could also jam a flathead into one at certain angles if it isn't too tight between the peg, I've done that before on 24 Jun 06:02 next collapse

Casually shorts the two IEC colour coded wires for AC live + neutral.

You won’t believe what happened next. on 24 Jun 14:41 collapse

I forgot about that part, that whole “repair” was such a mess on 24 Jun 18:22 collapse

Videos like that I’m always amazed the creator even bothers uploading. I’d be so fucking embarassed it would never see the light of day.

But I guess its sunk cost fallacy. Gotta get that content out there I spent a week working on. I guess I can appreciate that. Theres also something to be said about being honest about your fuckups. I was so embarassed for him I noped out of that video so I dont really know how it ended, but I dont recall there being much humility about it? on 24 Jun 18:50 collapse

In the comments he kept responding to everyone being critical and being like “well it’s my computer so I can do anything I want to it” on 24 Jun 12:13 collapse

Devils advocate:

If you’re known as a guy that loves Pokémon cards and people keep gifting you Weedle’s (one of the lowest powered and most common cards in the game), then after a while you’re going to be like “thanks guys, I know you want to gift me and to not just throw the card away, but these are worth literally nothing to me because I already have much nicer examples and I don’t need/want/have room for them, I’d just be throwing them away myself”. on 24 Jun 01:27 next collapse

Cathode Ray Dude should do a video about how 8 bit works to compete the yin yang on 24 Jun 14:12 collapse

He mangles some of the pros and cons of CRTs towards the end.

They aren’t going to be indefinitely reliable. The phosphor goes bad over time and makes for a weaker image. Doubly so for color phosphors. Some of them are aging better than others, but that’s survivorship bias. We might be looking at the last decade where those old CRTs can still be in anything close to widespread use. Will probably be a few working examples here or there in private collections, of course.

CRTs do have latency, and this is something a lot of people get wrong. A modern flatscreen display can have better latency than CRTs when the hardware takes advantage of it.

The standard way of measuring latency is at the halfway point of the screen. For NTSC running at 60Hz (which is interlaced down to 30fps (roughly)), that means we have 8.33ms of latency. If you were to hit the button the moment the screen starts the next draw, and the CPU miraculously processes it in time for the draw, then it takes that long for the screen to be drawn to the halfway point and we take our measurement.

An LCD can have a response time of less than 2ms. That’s on top of the frame draw time, which can easily be 120Hz on modern systems (or more; quite a bit more in some cases). That means you’re looking at (1 / 120) + 2 = 10.3ms of latency, provided your GPU keeps up at 120 fps. Note that this is comparable to a PAL console (which runs at 50Hz) on CRT. A 200Hz LCD with fast pixel response times is superior to NTSC CRTs. >400Hz is running up against the human limit to distinguish frame changes, and we’re getting there with some high end LCDs right now.

When talking about retro consoles, we’re limited by the hardware feeding the display, and the frame can’t start drawing until the console has transmitted everything. So then you’re looking at the 2ms LCD draw time on top of a full frame time, which for NTSC would be (1 / 60) + 2 = 18.7ms. Which is why lightguns can’t work. on 24 Jun 18:30 collapse

CRTs do have latency

Only if you’re measuring “how long to draw a full image”. (which is not latency).

The time it takes for voltage input to equal drawn pixel on the phosphor is much less than the ms scale, which LCD panels simply cannot do.

Latency. Not refresh rate or FPS. on 24 Jun 18:31 collapse

Nope. There is an industry standard way of measuring latency, and it’s measured at the halfway point of drawing the image.

Edit: you can measure this through Nvidia’s LDAT system, for example, which uses a light sensor placed in the middle of the display combined with detecting the exact moment you create an input. The light sensor picks up a change (such as the muzzle flash in an fps) and measures the difference in time. If you were to make this work on a CRT running at NTSC refresh rates, it would never show less than 8.3ms when in the middle of the screen.

If you are measuring fairly with techniques we use against LCDs, then yes, CRTs have latency. on 24 Jun 20:03 collapse

Nope. There is an industry standard way of measuring latency, and it’s measured at the halfway point of drawing the image.

No. And if you want to actually provide a link to your “industry standard” feel free to, just make sure that your “standard” actually can be applied to a CRT first.

You can literally focus the CRT to only show one pixel (more accurately beam width) worth of value. And that pixel would be updated many thousands of times a second (literally constant… since it’s analog).

If you’re going to define latency as “drawing the image” (by any part of the metric) then a CRT can draw a single “pixel” worth of value 1000s of times a second… probably more. Where your standard 60hz panel can only do 1/60th a second… (or even the highest LCDs at 1/365).

If there is a frame to draw and that frame is being processed, then yes. You’re right. Measuring at the middle will yield a delay. But this isn’t how all games/operations work for devices in all of history. There are many applications where data being sent to the display is literally read from memory nanoseconds prior. CRTs have NO processing delay that LCDs do have.

Further points of failure in your post. CRTs are not all “NTSC” standard (Virtually every computer monitor for instance). There’s plenty of CRTs that can push much higher than the NTSC standard specifies.

Here’s an example from a bog standard monitor I had a long time ago……/Sony-Trinitron-Cpd-E430-364427.h…

800 x 600/155 Hz
1024 x 768/121 Hz
1280 x 1024/91 Hz
1600 x 1200/78 Hz

So on a 60hz LCD will always be 0.016 to do the whole image. Regardless of it’s resolution being displayed. Not so on the CRT… Higher performance CRTs can draw more “pixels” per second. and when you lower the amount of lines you want it to display the full frame draw times go down substantially. There’s a lot of ways to define these things, that your simplistic view doesn’t account for. The reality is though, it’s possible if you skip the idea of a “frame” that the time from input to the time of display on the CRT monitor is lower simply because there’s no processing occurring here, your limit is physics of the materials you build the monitor out of. Not some chips capability to decode a frame. thus… No latency.

Not frametime. Not FPS. Not Hz. Latency is NONE of those things, otherwise we wouldn’t have those other terms and would have strictly used “latency” instead.

And a wonderful example of this is the commodor64 tape loading screens.

Those lines/colors are drawn straight from memory without the concept of a frame. There is no latency here. Many scene demos abused this function to achieve really wild affects as well. Your LCD cannot do that, those demos don’t function correctly on LCDs…

Lightguns are a perfect example of how this can be leveraged (which is completely impossible on an LCD as well).

Specifically scroll down to the Sega section.…

By timing the click of the lightgun input to which pixel is currently being drawn by the frame to take that as input for the gun. That requires minimal latency to do. LCDs cant do that.

Ultimately people like you are trying to redefine what latency is that flies in the face of actual history that shows us there is a distinct difference that has historically mattered and even applications of that latency that CANNOT be what you’re claiming it to be.

can you tell me why the LCD on the right is ALWAYS behind? And why it will ALWAYS be the case that it will not work, regardless of how fast the LCD panel is? The reason you’re going to come to is that it’s processing delay. Which didn’t exist on CRTs. That’s “LATENCY”.

When talking about retro consoles, we’re limited by the hardware feeding the display, and the frame can’t start drawing until the console has transmitted everything.

This is where you’re completely wrong. CRTs don’t know the concept of a frame. It draws the input that it gets. Period. There’s no buffer… there’s no where to hold onto anything that is being transmitted. It’s literally just spewing electrons at the phosphors.

Edit: typo

Edit2: to expound on the LCD vs CRT thing with light guns. CRTs drawn the “frame” as it’s received… so as it gets the voltage it varies t